Hyde Park, home of the University of Chicago, DuSable Museum of African American History, Museum of Science and Industry and other institution
Hyde Park, located on the South Side of the City of Chicago, in Cook County, Illinois, United States and seven miles (11 km) south of the Chicago Loop, is a Chicago neighborhood and one of 77 Chicago community areas. It is home to the University of Chicago, the Hyde Park Art Center, the Museum of Science and Industry, the Oriental Institute and the Renaissance Society. It is formerly the name of a Township that included numerous other neighborhoods that have all been annexed by the city of Chicago. Hyde Park was founded by Paul Cornell in the 1850s near the Illinois Central Railroad south of Chicago. In 1861, the Hyde Park Township was incorporated, extending from 39th to 63rd Streets. The southern border was later extended as far as South 138th Street and as far west as State Street. The township was independent of Chicago until 1889, when it was annexed to the city.   As a neighborhood, Hyde Park's definition has shrunk to a core area grouped closely around Cornell's development on 53rd Street and the lakefront. Today, the name Hyde Park is officially applied to the neighborhood from 51st Street (Hyde Park Blvd.) to the neighborhood around the Midway Plaisance or simply The Midway (between 59th and 60th) The neighborhood's eastern boundary is Lake Michigan and its western boundary is Washington Park. Some consider Hyde Park to include the area between 47th and 51st Streets (E. Hyde Park Blvd.), although this area is actually the south half of the Kenwood community area. The area encompassing Hyde Park and South Kenwood is also referred to as Hyde Park-Kenwood.[4] It hosts two of the four Chicago Registered Historic Places from the original October 15, 1966 National Register of Historic Places list (Chicago Pile-1, & Robie House).
  The University of Chicago dominates the community economically (it owns much of it) and culturally (the neighborhood is noted for its tolerance and civility, in a way an extension of the school). The resident college community brings with it an interest in the arts. The Smart Museum and Renaissance Society are home to world-class paintings, drawings and sculpture; the Court Theatre is home to first-rate productions of all kinds, from Shakespeare to musicals. Restaurants range from La Petite Folie (classic French) to jazz-inspired eclectic (Park 52) to Middle Eastern comfort food (The Nile) to Caribbean-Cajun (Calypso Cafe, with some menu items from the departed Dixie Kitchen added) to down-home cafeteria (Valois, a Hyde Park institution and an Obama breakfast choice) and an art cafe (Medici on 57th, another Obama favorite). And this, not surprisingly, is a community of independent bookstores, new and used, including Frontline Books & Craft, on Harper Avenue, one of only two African American bookstores in the city; and on 57th Street, O'Gara and Wilson Ltd., a used bookstore that's been here seemingly since Gutenberg was a boy and a Hyde Park gem.
The Hyde Park Herald, a local newspaper, has covered neighborhood news since 1882. The neighborhood has gained particular fame as the home of President Barack Obama, who lived in Hyde Park for years and now owns a home in neighboring Kenwood.
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